Behavioral therapy: helps patients to understand how changes in behavior can lead to change the person’s engagement in positive or socially reinforcing activities.
Cognitive therapy: starts with the idea that what we think shapes how we feel. Changing our belief systems can change a person’s view of events, and their emotional state.
Interpersonal therapy: the primary approach is focused on interpersonal relationships. Learning skills to improve communication patterns may help the patient to manage their depression.
Family therapy: Identifying family patterns that contribute to to behavior disorder or mental illness can help the family to better understand patterns that may cause dysfunction.
Psychodynamic therapy: referred to as insight-oriented therapy, focusing on deep-seated causes of behavior stemming from a person’s upbringing or early life experience. The aim is to increase self-awareness and understanding of how the past affects the present behavior. Looks at unresolved issues, and symptoms that stem from past dysfunctional relationships that underlie behaviors such as drug or alcohol abuse.
Some forms of psychotherapy last only a few sessions, while others are long-term, lasting for one hour, once a week and they follow a carefully structured process. Sessions may be one-to-one, in pairs, or in groups. A psychotherapist may be a psychologist, a marriage and family therapist, a licensed clinical social worker.